Category Archives: Archive

2020 ASSA Meeting presentation

Dr Walmsley presented a paper on the impact of trade liberalization on income inequality in Pakistan at the 2020 ASSA Meetings in San Diego. The paper was part of a session hosted by the American Committee on Asian Economic Studies and chaired by Calla Wiemer. Continue reading

Impact of US Sections 232 and 301 Trade Actions

ImpactECON releases report on the impact of US trade actions under Sections 232 and 301. The report shows a decline in real GDP of 1.25 percent by 2030, with the greatest losses occurring in production of oil seeds (soybeans), meats (pork and beef), coarse grains (corn, oats, sorghum), transport equipment (other than automobiles); chemicals, rubber, plastics, and pharmaceuticals; textiles; and non-ferrous metals (aluminum).

The full report is available as Working Paper 8.

Impacts of Reversing NAFTA

ImpactECON report on the impacts of reversing NAFTA was cited in the Wall Street Journal on Monday, October 16, 2017.

As concerns rise about the demise of the new NAFTA negotiations, the Wall Street Journal, CNBC, CNN and the New York Times have cited ImpactECON’s working paper “Reversing NAFTA: A Supply Chain Perspective“. Here we try to answer a few recently asked questions.

Questions and Answers on the Impact of Reversing NAFTA

What is the impact of reversing NAFTA on the US economy?

Real GDP is estimated to decline by 0.09 percent in the next 2-3 years. Investment is estimated to decline by 1 percent, which means that growth will fall further in the long run.

What is the estimated impact of reversing NAFTA on US employment?

US employment is estimated to decline by 256,000, with many more workers having to relocate to other industries to find jobs. This figure assumes that skilled workers are willing to accept a decline in their wages, if not then US employment could decline by over 1,000,000.

Continue reading

Supply Chains and Tariff Rates: The Impact of Reversing NAFTA

Terrie Walmsley and Peter Minor presented “Supply Chains and Tariff Rates: The Impact of Reversing NAFTA” at the USITC on Thursday, February 23.

Since the North-American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) entered into force in 1994, production within the three NAFTA countries has become more specialized as foreign direct investment and trade have been allowed to thrive and firms have taken advantage of economies of scale and lower wages in Mexico. Extensive regional supply chains for producing motor vehicles, chemicals, wearing apparel, among other commodities have emerged. Continue reading

Supply Chain Videos

ImpactECON announces several new videos examining the Global Supply Chain database and modeling framework. video-picture

In the series of videos, a simple trade liberalization shock is implemented on automobiles exported from Japan to Germany using both the GTAP model and the ImpactECON global supply chain model and the results compared. The analysis shows some surprising differences between the two models, and in particular the impact of the trade liberalization on Germany’s domestic production of motor vehicles.

For more information on the ImpactECON global supply chain package, please visit the ImpactECON store.

Willingness to Pay method presented at 2016 Conference on Global Economic Analysis

ImpactECON Director, Dr. Walmsley presented a paper outlining a new willingness to pay method at the 19th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis hosted by the World Bank. The new method was incorporated into a global supply chain model and contrasted with the traditional iceberg method used for examining non-tariff measures. The new willingness to pay method results in larger gains to trade and increased prices through an increase in demand, while the iceberg effect lowers prices through a productivity gain. The new willingness to pay method is documented in working paper #04 of the ImpactECON working paper series.